• Culturally, the word menopause refers to the approach of old age in women, and the culmination of a jovial and fertile life. However, the period around menopause does not begin only when you have your last menstrual period. After age 40 you may be starting to experience some symptoms that you are approaching menopause. But it is not menopause itself, but a period called “perimenopause.”
  • What is perimenopause?

  • According to the site menopausia.org , perimenopause is the period that approaches menopause and comprises 4 and 5 years before the definitive cessation of menstruation. This stage is characterized by hormonal fluctuations that cause the symptoms of menopause. Women are usually between the ages of 35 and 50.During perimenopause, the body begins to produce fewer amounts of certain hormones (estrogen and progesterone), and begins to lose the ability to become pregnant.
  • It is a gradual process, and not all women go through it at the same age, since not all of them have their first period at the same age either.
  • Menopause and post-menopause

  • Menopause proper – also called climacteric – marches the end of the female menstrual cycle. This leads to certain hormonal changes that are sometimes annoying, which is why menopause is culturally synonymous with discomfort and aging. When all these hormonal changes cease, the woman begins to enter the post-menopausal period, something that usually happens about 12 months from the last menstrual cycle.
  • Am I going into perimenopause?

  • You may think you have too much to go into menopause, but there are some symptoms that indicate that you may be going through the period called perimenopause, according to Little Things and Geo Salud .
  • Pain during sexual intercourse

  • In addition to low libido due to hormonal changes, lack of elasticity of the vaginal tissues, and lack of lubrication sometimes makes intimate relationships become painful, and could be taken as a symptom of perimenopause.
  • Changes in the menstrual cycle

  • There may be periods shorter, or longer than normal.
  • Sweating and hot flashes

  • Sudden hot flashes appear to be a symptom of menopause, but this also happens a few years before menopause officially begins.
  • Insomnia

  • Because the body begins to stop producing estrogens, and this is a sleep-promoting hormone, it is likely that at night it wakes up and can not easily fall asleep.
  • Fatigue

  • If you have trouble sleeping, then you will feel more fatigue throughout the day. Also, because of a hormonal issue, it is normal to feel low energy.
  • Dry Skin

  • It is another characteristic symptom. The skin, and the mucous membranes in general, lose their wetting.
  • Irritability

  • Being more irritated than usual is one of the symptoms. Women throughout our lives are usually affected by the mood changes, due to the different hormonal levels according to our cycle.
  • Hair loss

  • Also due to the loss of estrogen, the hair begins to become weakened and fall more frequently.
  • These symptoms can be relieved

  • To walk a perimenopause without too many turns and embarrassment you can start by carrying a book with the notes about when the symptoms begin, so that you can recognize them more easily and consult your gynecologist.
  • On the other hand, these symptoms may accompany you for a few years until you reach the menopause proper, so it will be useful to resort to some tricks to alleviate them. The site Geo Salud offers some interesting tips, such as:
    • Note the date of the menstrual cycles, noting if the period is heavy, normal or light.
    • Look for a physical activity you enjoy doing.
    • If you smoke, quit.
    • Maintain a healthy and balanced diet
    • Use a vaginal lubricant for dryness and pain during intercourse.
    • Talk to your doctor if you have doubts, always
  • You can still get pregnant

  • Menopause has not started at all, so if you’re going through perimenopause, you still have to take care of yourself if you do not want to get another pregnancy. So, if you are in this phase, it is like experiencing a one-way road to menopause, but with all the features still of childbearing age.
  • Do not hesitate to consult your doctor if you have any doubts, and it is also always pleasant to talk with a friend about your symptoms, as it is likely that she is going through the same thing as you. Have you experienced any of the symptoms of perimenopause anymore?

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